Finding Hope & Help for Healing

Trauma-Sensitive, Attachment-Focused Therapies


The most important component in helping a child impacted by trauma to heal is a strong, therapeutic parent (primary caregiver). You can learn more about becoming a Therapeutic Parent on this website,.  For ongoing support, education and encouragement in your Therapeutic Parenting journey, consider  joining ATN.

The second most important component is trauma-sensitive, attachment-focused  therapy. ATN actively encourages ALL families to work with therapists who specialize in attachment & trauma. While experts aren’t readily available in all areas throughout the US and the world, we urge you to seek out experienced professionals, even if it means traveling, working remotely, arranging for local therapists to be trained, or finding a professional willing to come to you.

How do I find an experienced attachment & trauma specialist?

Search ATN’s Resource Directory

Trauma-Based Diagnoses in the DSM-5

The Diagnostic and Statisical Manual of Mental Disorders,   5th Edition added a classification of Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders better categorizing the disorders seen in children significantly impacted by early trauma.  These diagnoses now include:

And the one not yet officially recognized, but should be:

Trauma-Sensitive, Attachment-Focused Therapies

The many pages in this section of the website details some of the most commonly used treatment modalities by attachment and trauma professionals. This field is rapidly evolving, and ATN strives to keep up-to-date.  Many of these modalities and interventions are currently being researched and all are considered evidence-based or evidence-informed.   Traits of trauma-sensitive, attachment-focused treatments include:

  • Are grounded in attachment theory and recognize the importance of working toward healthy attachment and building resiliency.
  • Address the child’s traumatic stress – including feelings of fear, shame, grief and loss.
  • Are experiential (do not depend on talk therapy). Talk therapies and those dependent on behavior modification (reward/punishment systems) are not usually successful with our children.
  • Enhance emotional regulation and teaches self-regulation skills.
  • Involve the parent/caregiver in the therapy, providing parenting strategies and recognizing the critical importance of therapeutic parenting.

Explore these modalities in more detail:

Neuro-Based Approaches.  Research on early childhood trauma is indicating that interventions that address the underlying neurological impairments caused by early abuse and neglect can be VERY beneficial in conjunction with attachment & trauma therapy.  The following approaches are currently being used to help traumatized children.

Questions to ask when considering treatment 

ATN’s Official Policy on Treatment: ATN encourages all parents of traumatized children to seek professional therapy for their children that is trauma-sensitive and attachment-focused. Information on this website or support from other ATN members cannot replace professional therapy. We do not endorse specific therapists or treatment modalities. The information provided on this website should not be considered an endorsement.  All parents should thoroughly research their options and ask for references.

More on Treatments

Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP)

Child Parent Psychotherapy – CPP

Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP) is an intervention for children from birth through age 5 who have experienced at least one traumatic event (e.g., maltreatment, the sudden or traumatic death of someone close, a serious accident, sexual abuse, exposure to domestic violence) and,

Treatment Options

Attachment, Self-Regulation, Competency (ARC)

ARC is a framework for intervention with youth and families who have experienced multiple and/or prolonged traumatic stress developed by the Trauma Center at Justice Resource Institute (, the institute founded by Dr. Bessel van der Kolk, expert in childhood

Little girl smiling - Trauma Resiliency Model/Community Resiliency Model (TRM/CRM)®

Trauma Resiliency Model/Community Resiliency Model (TRM/CRM)®

Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM)® Training is a program designed to teach skills to clinicians working with children and adults with traumatic stress reactions. TRM is a mind-body approach and focuses on the biological basis of trauma and the automatic, defensive

How to Select a Therapist

How to Select a Therapist

ATN’s Official Policy on Treatment: ATN encourages all members to seek professional attachment & trauma therapy for their children. Information on this website or support from other ATN members cannot replace trauma-sensitive, attachment-focused therapy. We do not endorse specific therapists

Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP)

Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP)

Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP) is a treatment approach for families of traumatized children or those with disorders of attachment. It was originally developed by Daniel Hughes, an expert in attachment and trauma. DDP principally involves creating a PLACE (playful, loving, accepting,

ATN Resources


Therapeutic Parenting - Empowering Trauma-Informed Parents to be Therapeutic.

Trauma-Sensitive Schools

Creating Trauma Sensitive Schools- Empowering Trauma-Focused Educators and Schools

TSS Conference

Annual Creating Trauma Sensitive Schools Conference.

Get Involved

Join ATN - Together we can end the silence around childhood trauma!

Professional Development Programs For Educators

Resource Directory

Coming soon an online directory of trauma-informed professionals.

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