Trauma Resiliency Model/Community Resiliency Model (TRM/CRM)®
Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM)® Training is a program designed to teach skills to clinicians working with children and adults with traumatic stress reactions. TRM is a mind-body approach and focuses on the biological basis of trauma and the automatic, defensive ways that the human body responds when faced with perceived threats to self and others, including the responses of “tend and befriend”, fight, flight and freeze. TRM explores the concept of resiliency and how to restore balance to the body and the mind after traumatic experiences. When the focus is on normal biological responses to extraordinary events, there is a paradigm shift from symptoms being described as biological rather than as pathological or as mental weakness. As traumatic stress symptoms are normalized, feelings of shame and self-blame are reduced or eliminated. Symptoms are viewed as the body’s attempt to re-establish balance to the nervous system.
TRM has been designed as both a trauma reprocessing treatment model as well as a self-care model. The nervous system is re-set or rebalanced through a skills-based approach that can be learned and practiced independently. The skills help develop a sense of personal mastery and self-management over intense physical and emotional states. Survivors often report a renewed sense of hope as the activities of daily living become easier to manage as skills are incorporated into life as a wellness practice.
Traditional talk therapy primarily focuses on changing limiting beliefs leading to insight and problem solving strategies. These interventions can be helpful, however, the part of the brain responding to traumatic experience may not benefit fully from cognitive-based interventions. Thus there is a need for a sensory-based stabilization model that focuses on sensations associated with internal resiliency. The TRM skills can be a stand-alone intervention but they can also be integrated into other treatment modalities.
TRM can be used to treat any person who has experienced or witnessed any event that was perceived as life threatening or posed a serious injury to themselves or to others. It is helpful for workers in the front lines after traumatic events as it can reduce vicarious traumatic reactions and be used for self-care.
The Community Resiliency Model™ (CRM) of the Trauma Resource Institute trains community members to not only help themselves but to help others within their wider social network. The primary focus of this skills-based, stabilization program is to re-set the natural balance of the nervous system. CRM skills help individuals understand their nervous system and learn to read sensations connected to their own well-being, which CRM calls the “Resilient Zone”. CRM’s goal is to help to create “trauma-informed” and “resiliency-focused” communities that share a common understanding of the impact of trauma and chronic stress on the nervous system and how resiliency can be restored or increased using this skills-based approach.
To learn more about the TRM and CRM approaches, visit the Trauma Resource Institute website