Trust Based Relational Interventions (TBRI)

Woman holding an infant with young girl sitting next to her - Parent Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)

Developed by Dr. Karyn Purvis and Dr. David Cross at the TCU Institute of Child Development, Trust-Based Relational Interventions® (TBRI®) is an emerging intervention model for a wide range of childhood behavioral problems. It has been applied successfully in a variety of contexts, and with many children for whom numerous other interventions have failed (e.g., […]

Child Parent Psychotherapy – CPP

Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP)

Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP) is an intervention for children from birth through age 5 who have experienced at least one traumatic event (e.g., maltreatment, the sudden or traumatic death of someone close, a serious accident, sexual abuse, exposure to domestic violence) and, as a result, are experiencing behavior, attachment, and/or mental health problems, including post-traumatic stress disorder […]

Attachment, Regulation, Competency (ARC) Model

Treatment Options

The Attachment, Regulation, Competency Model (ARC) is a framework for intervention with youth and families who have experienced multiple and/or prolonged traumatic stress developed by the Trauma Center at Justice Resource Institute (, the institute founded by Dr. Bessel van der Kolk, expert in childhood trauma. ARC, developed by Kristine M. Kinniburgh and Margaret E. […]

What Works & What Doesn’t

Let’s start with what DOESN’T WORK…and why: Traditional Psychotherapies — i.e. talk therapies, don’t work with children with an Attachment Disorder or those with early childhood, (especially pre-verbal) trauma.  Two reasons.  First,traumatized children are not helped by talk therapy because of their inability to access (talk about) their actual trauma memories and the specific events and triggers. […]

The Dynamics of Disruption

By Nancy Spoolstra, DVM Although there are several possible explanations for why an individual, a couple, or a family chooses to add an unrelated child to their home, in today’s modern society it usually boils down to one basic principle—the desire to parent a child or another child. Perhaps some are motivated more by altruistic […]

Signs of Attachment

Mother and baby

There are countless lists and checklists available from a variety of sources, many of which are linked at the bottom of this page. Generally speaking… Children who are considered “at risk” for Attachment Disorder: Children who have been abandoned Children who have been abused (physical, sexual or emotional) Children who have been neglected. Children who […]

ATN Webinar Special Education Interventions Strategies

ATN Webinar Special Education Interventions Strategies

Special Education for Children with Attachment Trauma: Interventions & Strategies Recorded October 20, 2015 Melissa Sadin, M.A.T., M.Ed. and Julie Beem, ATN’s Executive Director delved into evaluating behaviors that make learning challenging and interventions/strategies that can help traumatized children and those with attachment challenges to learn. Materials: Presentation Slides Addressing Student Problem Behavior- Part II: […]

Trauma Resiliency Model/Community Resiliency Model (TRM/CRM)®

Little girl smiling - Trauma Resiliency Model/Community Resiliency Model (TRM/CRM)®

Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM)® Training is a program designed to teach skills to clinicians working with children and adults with traumatic stress reactions. TRM is a mind-body approach and focuses on the biological basis of trauma and the automatic, defensive ways that the human body responds when faced with perceived threats to self and others, […]

FASD/Pre-natal Substance Exposure

Tips for Adopting or Fostering Children Prenatally Exposed to Alcohol or Other Drugs 1. Work with informed professionals in quality adoption agencies. 2. Explore your feelings about alcohol and drug abuse, particularly among pregnant women. 3. Discuss the child’s background with your social worker so that you have a realistic picture of the birth parents’ […]